The Fundamentals of Tutoring
Once you have moved beyond the basics of getting to know the learner or learners and figuring out what his or her needs are, most tutors need tools--strategies and instructional ideas--for meeting those needs. In this section we will learn about how to pick texts to use in tutoring and then we’ll share strategies and suggestions to help tutors guide learners in the tutoring sessions.
Here’s what we cover:
- Picking Texts to Read
- Phonics & Decoding
- Word Work: Vocabulary & Sight Words
- Tutoring Tips & Suggestions
|Comprehension||Comprehension is the “so what” of reading. Comprehension refers to the understanding that results from reading. It is the ultimate goal of all reading. Students may show that they understand what they read by explaining what they read to others or answering questions about it. Using comprehension strategies such as predicting, checking to make sure you understand as you read, and summarizing after reading can also help make sure you understand.||
Sight Words & Vocabulary
Words form the elements of reading and learning from texts. The most common words are called Sight Words while words we encounter in subjects like math, science, social students and other subjects are Vocabulary Words.
Sight Word Flash Cards
|Fluency||Fluency is the ability to read accurately, effortlessly, at the appropriate pace, and with expression. Because fluent readers do not have to concentrate on figuring out the words, they can focus their attention on what the text means. Fluency is important to comprehension.||
|Phonics & Decoding||Phonics and decoding have to do with looking at the letters of a word, figuring out what sounds those letters make, and putting the sounds together to read the word. During phonics instruction we teach children the letter or letters that make each sound. Phonics instruction can also focus on patterns, such as the –ight pattern and all of the words that you can make from that pattern (flight, knight, light, might, night, plight, right, sight, and tight). Spelling is similar to phonics except that instead of reading, you are writing.|